Research published in the journal Pediatric Research suggests that children from households with a dog as a pet have better social and emotional wellbeing than children from households who do not own a dog, much to the chagrin of cat owning families the world over.

Dogs and Social-Emotional Development in Young Children

A team of researchers at the University of Western Australia and Telethon Kids Institute utilized questionnaire data from 1,646 households that included children aged two to five years. The researchers found that, after taking into account children's age, biological sex, sleep habits, screen time and parents' education levels, children from dog-owning households were 23% less likely to have overall difficulties with their emotions and social interactions than children who did not own a dog. Children from dog-owning households were 30% less likely to engage in antisocial behaviors, 40% less likely to have problems interacting with other children, and were 34% more likely to engage in considerate behaviors, such as sharing.

Among children from dog-owning households, those who joined their family on dog walks at least once per week were 36% less likely to have poor social and emotional development than those who walked with their family dog less than once per week. Children who played with their family dog three or more times per week were 74% more likely to regularly engage in considerate behaviors than those who played with their dog less than three times per week.

Associate Professor Hayley Christian, the corresponding author said:

"While we expected that dog ownership would provide some benefits for young children's well being, we were surprised that the mere presence of a family dog was associated with many positive behaviors and emotions."

To examine children's social and emotional development and its possible association with family dog ownership, the authors analysed data collected between 2015 and 2018 as part of the Play Spaces and Environments for Children's Physical Activity (PLAYCE) study. During the study, parents of children aged between two and five years completed a questionnaire assessing their child's physical activity and social-emotional development. Out of the 1,646 households included in the study, 686 (42%) owned a dog.

The authors caution that due to the observational nature of the study they were not able to determine the exact mechanism by which dog ownership may benefit social and emotional development in young children, or to establish cause and effect. Further research should assess the potential influence of owning different types of pets or the influence that children's attachment to their pets may have on child development.

Christian adds:

"Our findings indicate that dog ownership may benefit children's development and well being and we speculate that this could be attributed to the attachment between children and their dogs. Stronger attachments between children and their pets may be reflected in the amount of time spent playing and walking together and this may promote social and emotional development."

Improve Mental Health Practice Efficiency with InSync EHR Software 

Creating an efficient yet caring mental health practice doesn't have to cause provider burnout. With the right EHR software your mental health practice can chart progress notes and handle medical billing and coding all within one platform. Learn more about how to choose the best EHR for your mental health practice. Visit the link below to download our mental health EHR software buyer's guide. 

mental health ehr buyers guide 


InSync Healthcare Solutions

Written by InSync Healthcare Solutions

InSync Healthcare Solutions is a top-rated medical software company focused on healthcare solutions for EHR/EMR software and practice management software. Supplementing that software with highly rated telehealth functionality, along with a dedicated patient portal and monthly updates adding and updating the technology. Additionally offering providers with services dedicated to medical transcription and revenue cycle management for all medical specialties.